Simple Source Code Examples

The File Types topic already described the types of files that make up a Tibbo BASIC/C project.

Here is a look at the contents of a Tibbo BASIC ( .TBC ) and Tibbo C ( .TC ) file.

** Tibbo Basic **

include "global.tbh" 'This includes a BASIC header file

dim counter1 as byte 'This is a global variable
'Variables must be defined or declared before use

Const MAX_COUNTER=5 'BASIC constant

declare function increment(x as byte) as byte 'This is a declaration
'Procedures (subs and functions) must be defined or declared before use
'===============================================================================

sub on_sys_init 'event handler for the ON_SYS_INIT event
   counter1=0
end sub


sub on_sys_timer 'event handler for the ON_SYS_TIMER event
   counter1=increment(counter1)
   if counter1>=MAX_COUNTER then
      counter1=0
      pat.play("R-R-R",PL_PAT_CANINT) 'invoke method .play of the pat. object
   end if
end sub

function increment(x as byte) as byte
   increment=x+1
end function

** Tibbo C **

#include "global.th" //This includes a C header file

unsigned char counter1; //This is a global variable
//Variables must be defined or declared before use

#define MAX_COUNTER 5 //There is no const statement in C, so use preprocessor

unsigned char increment(unsigned char x); //This is a declaration
//Procedures (subs and functions) must be defined or declared before use
//===============================================================================

void on_sys_init(){ //event handler for the ON_SYS_INIT event
   counter1=0;
}


void on_sys_timer(){ //event handler for the ON_SYS_TIMER event
   counter1=increment(counter1);
   if(counter1>=MAX_COUNTER){
      counter1=0;
      pat.play("R-R-R",PL_PAT_CANINT); //invoke method .play of the pat. object
   }
}

unsigned char increment(unsigned char x){
   return x+1;
}

At the very top of the source file you typically have header ( .TPH and .TH ) inclusions.

This is followed by global variable and constant declarations. Variables in Tibbo BASIC/C must be defined or declared before they are used.

Next you have procedure declarations. Again, procedures of Tibbo BASIC/C must be defined or declared before they are used.

The rest are procedure bodies. Some of these are event handlers, they are called in response to events. These do not require declaration (they are already declared in the platform files).

Other procedures are regular subs and functions of your program.

How do you tell if a procedure is an event handler or not? Names of event handlers are highlighted in green .

Additionally, all event handler names start with on_ , which means on x happening, do... .

Notice how procedure bodies are separated from each other by a horizontal line. This is described in PROJECT PARSER AND BROWSER .