External LED Control

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The NB1010 is intended to be used with the LB1000 board. This board provides:

Green and red LED pair.

Green and yellow LED pair.

LED bar comprising five yellow LEDs.

Green and red LED pair -- system status indication

Further information on status LEDs can be found in Appendix 1: Status LEDs.

Green and yellow LED pair -- Ethernet status indication

Further information on Ethernet status LEDs can be found in Appendix 1: Status LEDs.

LED bar -- wireless signal strength indication

Five yellow LEDs of the LED bar are intended primarily for the indication of the RF signal strength (i.e. when the Wi-Fi and/or GPRS options are installed). These LEDs are controlled through three GPIO lines 46, 47, and 48.

GPIO46 is the reset line of the LED bar. Clearing this line sets all five outputs to LOW and this turns all LEDs ON. GPIO47 is a clock line- a positive  (LOW-to-HIGH) transition on this line "shifts in" the data on the GPIO48 line. The circuit that controls the LEDs is shown below. LED numbers correspond to numbers shown on the LB100x drawing.

 

led bar control

 

If you want to switch an LED ON then set the data line LOW. The data bit for the LED#1 (indicating the highest signal strength) is clocked in first. That's the short explanation.  In further detail, we can say:

GPIO 48 is the Data line; set it to the state that you wish the LED to be in, LOW = ON, HIGH = OFF.

When you then pull GPIO 47 (Clock line) from its normal state (HIGH) to LOW and then back to HIGH, the state of the Data line is read in and used for LED1.

If you want to turn on LED2 (for example) you have to set GPIO 48 to LOW, toggle the clock once (HIGH-LOW-HIGH) which would set LED1 ON, set GPIO48 to HIGH (because you want LED1 off) and then just toggle the clock again (HIGH-LOW-HIGH). At this point, the state of LED1 would shift to LED2 (so LED2 would light up).

So assuming that all LEDs are OFF and each row means that we have toggled through one clock cycle:

 

Clock cycle

Data

LED1

LED2

LED3

LED4

LED5

1

LOW

ON

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

2

LOW

ON

ON

OFF

OFF

OFF

3

HIGH

OFF

ON

ON

OFF

OFF

4

LOW

ON

OFF

ON

ON

OFF

5

HIGH

OFF

ON

OFF

ON

ON

 

As you can see, each clock cycle sets a new state for LED1 which directly corresponds to the state of the Data line, and shifts all previous LED states.